Diva Luna

The LGBTQ+ community is a community that has faced numerous challenges and hardships simply for existing. Since the beginning of time, there has always been a love that exists between same-sex couples, gender dysphoria, and indigenous traditions that show transgender individiuals as respected, normalized people. Although the LGBTQ+ has always existed, there has not always been a respected outlook on this community. As European settlers came to Canada, the Indigenous values slowly began to die out due to the integration of Christianity and with this, being LGBTQ+ was seen as abnormal. When something new is shown to people, people instantly fear it and see it as wrong or immoral, which is what caused the legal system to integrate laws against the LGBTQ+ community. As we move into the current times, we have been able to witness the slow integration of legal rights and equality acts set in place for the LGBTQ+ community, a slow step towards full equality for the LGBTQ+ community. In this site, you will find information about Canada's actions towards supporting equality for the LGBTQ+ community.

"You never completely have your rights, one person, until you all have your rights."

Marsha P. Johnson


The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a legal document that states the rights and freedoms of those who live in Canada. Within this Charter, we see a specific section that covers equality rights, section 15. (1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability. (2) Section (1) does not preclude any law, program or activity that has as its object the amelioration of conditions of disadvantaged individuals or groups including those that are disadvantaged because of race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability. Section 15, the equality section, did not include sexual orientation, meaning that it did not protect people who defined themselves as anything aside from heterosexual, however, this changed in 1996. This change meant that individuals were now protected from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Along with this inclusion, “sex”, within the same section, has been interpreted to include transgender and nonbinary individuals.


UDHR Within the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, we find a standard set in place by the UN that the member countries must strive to live up to in order to provide equality for their citizens. The document lays out every single right humans are entitled to within different sections called articles, and within Article 2 we can find the passage that mentions LGBTQ+ attributes. "Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty." This article has been confirmed to include sexual orientation and gender identity, meaning that the LGBTQ+ must be seen as equals on an international level.

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